On this day in music history: March 13, 1976 – “December, 1963 (Oh, What A Night)” by The Four Seasons hits #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for 3 weeks. Written by Bob Gaudio and Judy Parker, it is the fifth and final chart topping single for the New Jersey based vocal quartet. The initial idea for the song comes from Gaudio who starts to write about Prohibition with it being set in the early 1930’s. When his songwriting partner Judy Parker (and future wife) and Frankie Valli hear the original lyric, neither of them are enthused by it, and the song is nearly discarded. Gaudio and Parker change their minds and completely rewrite the lyrics over a two day period. Released in December 1975, it is the follow up to The Four Seasons top five comeback hit “Who Loves You” (#3 Pop), it quickly becomes a smash. Entering the Hot 100 at #85 on December 27, 1975, it climbs to the top of the chart eleven weeks later. “December 1963” is the group’s first chart topping single since “Rag Doll” in July of 1964. The song is also a huge international smash, becoming the groups one and only number one single in the UK. Though The Four Seasons chart fortunes once again diminish after this comeback, their last chart topper has a long life after it falls from the chart. It re-charts again in remixed form in October 1994 peaking at #14. “December, 1963 (Oh, What A Night)” is certified Gold in the US by the RIAA.